Wie in jedem Duerrejahr werden die Wasserquoten fuer die Landwirtschaft reduziert, die Bevoelkerung wird zum Sparen aufgerufen und B’Tselem macht Israel fuer die Wasserprobleme der Palaestinenser verantwortlich.
The report says that 227,000 Palestinians in 220 villages and towns are not connected to infrastructure allowing for plumbing – of these, 75% reside in the northern West Bank. An additional 190,000 Palestinians reside in villages or towns were the water infrastructure is minimal.
Mich deucht, dass die Infrastruktur eigentlich in die Verantwortung der PA faellt. Wie war das noch mit Oslo? (Annex III, 1; Annex IV, 2,c,3)
Ein alter Text von CAMERA zeigt symptomatisch, wie die PA schon in den ersten Jahren nach dem Osloabkommen ihren Teil der Verantwortung vernachlaessigte:
Whereas Israel has moved expeditiously to fulfill its side of the water bargain, the PA has severely neglected its obligations. For example, to increase water for the Palestinian city of Jenin, it was agreed that Israel would provide a major new well there, making available an additional 1.4 million cubic meters of water for residents. The Palestinians, for their part, were to connect the new well to consumers. More than a year ago Israel completed the well, which cost in excess of $2 million, but it has gone unused because the PA failed to implement the connection.
In Hebron, the focus of Jehl’s article, Israel was to provide licensing for additional major wells. This was done and a German company completed the drilling of two large wells in March. However, the PA has yet to put down piping to deliver the water to residents as it was obliged to do. Indeed, the PA has yet to obtain full rights-of-way to lay the pipes. If the wells were functioning, they would provide water for 70,000 people.
In the Bethlehem area, the PA was to dig two wells but Palestinian officials have yet to take the first step of seeking licenses from Israel to begin the project. In the Tekoa area, the PA sought and received approval for wells and dug at least one, but has done nothing to provide the infrastructure to deliver the water to residents. In the Salfit area, the Palestinians were to provide connecting pipeline to receive more water, but, again, they have failed to fulfill their obligations. The same negligence by the PA is evident in numerous other instances.
Selbst in der deutlich israelkritischen Studie von Jan Selby, wird als einer der drei Hauptgruende, warum er die Wasservereinbarungen negativ beurteilt, die Misswirtschaft der PA angefuehrt:
And notwithstanding this, continues the orthodox narrative, the water sector remains one of the few areas where the parties are still cooperating, as evidenced by the fact that the JWC continues to meet
in spite the collapse of the broader peace process.10 Most discussions of the Oslo water agreements hold that, whatever else was wrong with the Oslo process, the water agreements themselves were a model for coordinated management and cooperation.
This assumption is in my view misplaced for at least three reasons: firstly, because the much-lauded ‘joint management’ regime established under Oslo was, and remains, an illusion; second, because
the Oslo water regime was a license for environmental destruction; and thirdly, because the nature of the Palestinian political system created under (and as a bi-product of) Oslo inevitably led to weak
governance and mismanagement in the Palestinian water sector.
According to the Water Authority’s data, the annual natural water consumption for 1967 was 1.4 billion cubic meters. In 2006 it was 1.23 billion cubic meters. The rest, some 600,000 cubic meters, were supplied through purified wastewater and desalination plants.
„That figure refutes the claim that we started the war to utilize more water,“ the official in charge of water issues with the Palestinians and Jordanians, Baruch Nagar, said.
Nagar is referring to a contention made last month in an interview with Haaretz by the German hydrogeologist Clemens Messerschmid, who serves as a consultant on water projects for the Palestinians in the territories: „For Israel to consume all the water it does, it must keep that water away from its neighbors and from the people it is occupying – and this is evident in the Golan, Lebanon, Jordan and the occupied territories.“
When the total natural water consumption is divided per capita, it yields another surprising statistic: Annual consumption in Israel decreased from 508 cubic meters per capita in 1967 to 170 cubic meters today. The latter figure also reflects changes in agriculture, since household water consumption rose steadily.
Aber was wetten wir, dass sich niemand die Muehe machen wird, die Hintergruende etwas zu recherchieren und die Medien mal wieder die Maer vom ausbeuterischen Israel verbreiten?
crossposted bei Freunden der Offenen Gesellschaft
Update: Mekorot, die israelische Wassergesellschaft weist die Vorwuerfe zurueck:
The company said it provided 500 million cubic meters per year, or 30 percent more than required under Oslo. Moreover, despite water cutbacks and severe shortage in Israel, the water supply to the West Bank had even increased, it said.
The company also accused Palestinian water thieves of stealing up to 50 percent of supply in some areas, such as Bethlehem and Hebron.
Israel supplies 80% of the West Bank’s water needs.
Zur Infrastruktur sagt Mekorot nichts, weil das nicht (mehr) in ihre Zustaendigkeit faellt. Aus dem Artikel in Y-Net, der ungefiltert die duemmlichen Beschuldigungen von B’Tselem widergibt, laesst sich aber schon herauslesen, dass Israel auch in dieser Hinsicht der PA entgegenkommt.
Ynet has learned that last month Jenin was virtually without water after a faulty pump was sent to Israel for repairs.
Israel repariert also auch die Pumpe, wenn die PA dazu nicht in der Lage ist.